The Arab-Palestinian diaspora in Brazil has a long history. Palestinian immigration to Brazil had begun even before the establishment of Israel in 1948, due to the many Palestinians who refused to enlist in the Ottoman army. However, the influx of Palestinian refugees increased after World War II due to the 1948 ‘Nakba’ and the loss of land caused by the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 1967. According to Denise Fagundes Jardim, "the experience of Palestinian immigrants in Brazil reveals the connections with other wars, the Six Day War in 1967 and the Intifada in 1987, a decade marked by civil wars.”
Many Palestinians in exile claim that the need for political and cultural organization in the diaspora began two years after the Six Day War, in 1969, when the first Israeli Foreign Minister Golda Meir declared that the Palestinian people did not exist. This statement sparked widespread motivation, especially in the Palestinian diaspora, to prove the historical presence of the Palestinian people in Palestine and to enforce fundamental rights in the territory.
with the participation of Palestinian, Arab and Brazilian activists and organizers. March 2016 (source: pflp.ps)
On 29 November 1977, UN Resolution 32/40 established the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. Years later in 1982, the Palestinian community in Brazil was surprised by a newer attack on the Palestinian people, this time the large-scale massacres in the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila in Lebanon. These massacres, along with evidence of the responsibility of the Israeli authorities for the crime, resulted in an international outcry. This led the Palestinian diaspora in Sao Paulo, most notably the youngest members of the newly founded Associação Cultural Sanaúd (Sanaúd Cultural Association), to organize a large march that year through the streets of Paulista Avenue in Sao Paulo, in which an estimated 10,000 people called for the end of the massacres and the establishment of a free, sovereign and democratic Palestinian state. This demonstration was able to mobilize prominent sectors of Brazilian civil society, including the União Nacional dos Estudantes (UNE), many other unions and some political parties in Brazil who shouted: "PLO, we are with you!" and "Israel, murderer of the Palestinian people!”
On 1 December 1983 in Sao Paulo, in the middle of the atmosphere created by the re-democratization of Brazil, a special formal session of the International Day in Solidarity with the Palestinian people was held upon request made by Airton Soares, the leader of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers' Party) at the Chamber of Representatives. Thirty embassies were in attendance. During the great movement by Diretas Já!, the national president of the Workers' Party, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, spoke publicly alongside the president of UNE, Alcidon de Matos, for the cause in the middle of Pacaembu Stadium. It was around this time that young members of Sanaúd spent 12 hours handing out leaflets in Portuguese clarifying the international issue of Palestine.
Prompted by the cycles of violence in Palestine, the massacres in Sabra and Shatila and, above all, the numerous expressions of solidarity in Sao Paulo and other Brazilian cities, PLO representative Farid Suwan wrote in an article entitled Aos amigos brasileiros [To our Brazilian friends]: 
"Golda Meir became famous for a phrase, so far away to reality as is permissible on the brink of sanity: ‘Palestinians? There never was such a thing.’ Well, I say, we always exist, that we never cease to be Palestinians, that from time immemorial my people have inhabited the peaceful and beautiful Palestine. [...] In these days of mourning and sadness for us, with our mutilated unburied dead, I want to thank all Brazilians for their solidarity, which for us is fundamental. We will never forget the marches we witness. In view of all this, I would like to reassure my Brazilian friends that the PLO did not die. It will never die. The PLO is reborn like a mythological phoenix, but not from the ashes, we are reborn from the blood of our martyrs and we will resist until our homeland is liberated.”
The agitations related to numerous events in Palestine, along with the process of re-democratization of Brazil during the 1980s, concurrently enabled the establishment of a representative body of the Palestinian diaspora as a whole. The Federação Árabe Palestina do Brasil (FEPAL), founded on 9 November 1980, was created to remedy a profound crisis of Palestinian legitimacy and unity in Brazil. From the emergence of Sanaúd Cultural Association until the founding of FEPAL, a primary objective was to make Palestinian voices heard in an environment where the Palestinian cause was not well known and, on several occasions, quite distorted by the Western media. It can be observed that it is very common among the members of FEPAL, especially among those born in Brazil, to position themselves in their narration of events in Palestine as if they had personally participated in or experienced remarkable events in the long history of the occupation of the region. Consequently, it can also be observed that the Palestinian identity of these activists of Palestinian origin was gradually strengthened through the process.
In the same year as the first Congress, the city of Piracicaba in Sao Paulo welcomed another landmark event in the history of the Palestinian diaspora in Brazil. The First Youth Arab Palestine Meeting of Latin America and the Caribbean served to unite the Palestinian youth with many young Brazilians represented by UNE. In this meeting they expressed their support of Palestine, and of the PLO and their president Yasser Arafat as the sole and legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. The event gathered many international observers and representatives of the PLO in Latin American countries like Mexico and Nicaragua. Visit escorte geneve for the most beautifull escort girls in Switzerland! During the opening ceremony in the auditorium of the Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba - UNIMEP, Don Eduardo Koiaik, the bishop of the Archdiocese of Piracicaba who is of Lebanese descent, hinted at his emotions at that moment marked by the tragedies in Lebanon and the ongoing movements of Brazil’s political opening. He declared to the assembly that when Palestinians speak of sanaúd they demonstrate the hope they still have to return to their land and that their fight to do so deserves the support and solidarity of all peoples around the world.
During the extensive Palestinian political and cultural programming that coincided with the political reopening movement in Brazil from the 1980s until the mid-1990s, a group called the new Israeli historians began to garner attention. The first published works of these historians, which was the result of hard and continuous research into primary sources in Israel, earned them an extraordinarily large readership within Israeli society and especially in Euro-American academia, with great repercussions in Brazilian universities. However, at the peak of criticism of the Zionist movement, especially in areas where the question of Palestine had not gained such popularity, the political effervescence was stopped before the Oslo Peace Accords. In response to the Accords and the end of the Cold War, Brazil’s 1975 anti-Zionist vote was revoked in 1991 during the short administration of President Fernando Collor de Melo.
In later years, Brazilian foreign policy moved toward a bilateral alignment with the United States, especially after 1992 with the government of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso. The pro-Palestinian demonstrations in Brazil were put aside until 2003 with the election of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva as president. It was during President Lula's administration that Brazil became the first country in Latin America to recognize the State of Palestine within its 1967 borders, in order to influence other states in the region such as Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, Guyana, Peru, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Cuba, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Venezuela. In the 2000s, Palestine gained back wide visibility in Brazil and Latin America.