Mohammed Elias Nazzal

The applicability of international humanitarian law came into effect with the subordination of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the Israeli occupation in 1967. Both customary law and treaties – the 1907 Hague Convention Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land and the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War – require that an occupying power must be temporary and limit changes to the legal system that preceded it to cases of extreme necessity.