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by Lucy Garbett* and Manal Jubeh** for the Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling

The Palestinian people are subjected to different sets of laws depending on where they live – citizenship in Israel-proper; residency in the Gaza Strip, West Bank and Jerusalem; and wholly denied rights in the Shatat (exile community). The Israeli occupation's discriminatory tiered identification system particularly affects women. Palestinian women marrying men from a territory outside of theirs are extremely vulnerable in the case of a divorce, for example. Depending on where they are born, their children may end up with no identity at all, or they may be separated permanently from their mother in cases of contested custody.